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"Vietnam War Spurs 'Peace' Movement in the United States." Congressional Quarterly 24, no. 26(July 1, 1966): 1398-400.

This "CQ Fact Sheet" provides details of the creation, on June 10, 1966, of the National Conference for New Politics (NCNP). Julian Bond co-chaired the organization at a time when he was in the midst of his legal battle for his seat in the Georgia Legislature. The organization's intentions were to,

"Coordinate the activities of the "peace" groups and civil rights workers and to support candidates for office in the 1966 election."
The NCNP had recently formed an office in New York and announced plans for a fundraising drive to collect $500,000. They were to distribute the funds to candidates who declared they were willing to work for "social change at home and abroad and willing to work to abolish poverty and racism." More specifically, candidates had to pledge to work for "ending the war in Viet Nam and supporting antipoverty, civil rights programs." However, the organization was less interested in winning elections than it was in establishing a "permanent political organization at the local level."

The article notes that the protests against the war had increased as American involvement had increased, and that they now had begun to take on an economic aspect, not just a moral one.

"The economic approach shows a clear relationship with the civil rights movement, officials said, because Negroes essentially have been excluded from the war industries.

In the May 13 demonstration, Bond, also a staff member of the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC), called for a closer relationship between the civil rights and "peace" movements. The civil rights movement, he said, is interested in peace because war "kills ideas and dissent as well as people" and downgrades social and welfare programs. "This relationship must be demonstrated and shown," he said.

Among other civil rights leaders, Dr. Martin Luther King has pledged his support of the "peace" movement, but James Meredith has said that "there is no connection between the fighting of a war under orders and civil rights..."

The mayors of New York, Detroit and Boston made the economic point June 12 on "Meet the Press" (NBC-TV). They said the nation's cities were indirect casualties of the Viet Nam war."

A sidebar in the article notes the vulnerability of candidates previously elected based on their support of Johnson's Great Society programs. Many of the members of Congress who were elected on this basis came from poorer districts where the war's drain on domestic dollars had its greatest impact. The result was a dissatisfied electorate that, it was expected, would make this year's elections an uphill battle for many of these candidates.

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